Amphicyonidae Ursidae

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THE CANIFORMIA: FEATURING BEARS, PANDA BEARS, DOG-BEARS AND BEAR-DOGS

The Caniformia, or dog-like carnivorans, feature a diverse bunch of quick and dead species. This page features the bears and their ancient relatives as well as other groups.

 
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Caniformia
†Harpalodon sylvestris
46.2-40.4 Mya
 
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Caniformia
†Procynodictis vulpiceps
50.3-40.4 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae
†Harpalodon sylvestris
bear-dog
40.4-37.2 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae
†Gustafsonia cognita
bear-dog
37.2-33.9 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae
†Guangxicyon sinoamericanus
bear-dog
37.2-33.9 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae
†Agnotherium antiquus
bear-dog
16.9-11.6 Mya
 
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Ammphicyonidae | Daphoeninae
†Daphoenus spp.
bear-dog
42.0-16.3 Mya
 
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Ammphicyonidae | Daphoeninae
†Daphoenictis tedfordi
bear-dog
37.2-33.9 Mya
 
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Ammphicyonidae | Daphoeninae
†Brachyrhynchocyon spp.
bear-dog
33.9-33.3 Mya
 
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Ammphicyonidae | Daphoeninae
†Adilophontes brachykolos
bear-dog
24.8-20.6 Mya
 
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Ammphicyonidae | Daphoeninae
†Daphoenodon spp.
bear-dog
20.4-16.0 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Temnocyoninae
†Temnocyon spp.
bear-dog
30.8-20.4 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Temnocyoninae
†Mammacyon spp.
bear-dog
26.3-20.4 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Amphicyoninae
†Ysengrinia spp.
bear-dog
30.8-16.0 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Amphicyoninae
†Cynelos spp.
bear-dog
20.4-13.7 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Amphicyoninae
†Amphicyon spp.
bear-dog
16.9-2.6 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Amphicyoninae
†Pseudocyon spp.
bear-dog
16.0-12.8 Mya
 
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Amphicyonidae | Amphicyoninae
†Magericyon spp.
bear-dog
9.7-8.7 Mya
 
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Caniformia
†Lycophocyon hutchisoni
46.2-37.2 Mya
 
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CANIDAE
 
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Arctoidea | Amphicynodontinae
†Kolponomos spp.
23.0-16.0
 
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PINNIPEDIA
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Cephalogalini
†Cephalogale spp.
dog-bear
33.9-16.0 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Cephalogalini
†Phoberogale shareri
dog-bear
30.8-20.0 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Phoberocyonini
†Phoberocyon spp.
dog-bear
28.4-13.7 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Phoberocyonini
†Plithocyon spp.
dog-bear
13.7-7.2 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Hemicyonini
†Dinocyon spp.
dog-bear
20.3-5.3 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Hemicyoninae | Hemicyonini
†Hemicyon spp.
dog-bear
16.0-12.8 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursavinae | Ursavini
†Ursavus spp.
30.8-5.3 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursavinae | Ursavini
†Ballusia spp.
20.4-7.2 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Agriotheriinae
†Agriotherium spp.
13.6-2.5 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Indarctini
†Indarctos spp.
23.0-3.6 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Indarctini
†Miomaci pannonicum
11.1-9.7 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Ailuropodini
†Kretzoiarctos beatrix
11.6-7.2 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Ailuropodini
†Ailurarctos spp.
11.6-7.2 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Ailuropodini
†Ailuropoda microta
3.6-2.6 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Ailuropodini
†Ailuropoda baconi
2.6 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ailuropodinae | Ailuropodini
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
giant panda
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
†Plionarctos spp.
10.3-3.3 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
†Arctodus pristinus
lesser short-faced bear
4.9 Mya-11 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
†Arctodus simus
giant short-faced bear
4.9 Mya-11 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
†Arctotherium spp.
4.9 Mya-11 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
†Tremarctos floridanus
Florida cave bear
4.9 Mya-11 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Temarctinae
Tremarctos ornatus
spectacled bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Melursus ursinus
sloth bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Helarctos malayanus
sun bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Protarctos abstrusus
5.3-2.6 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Ursus americanus
American black bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Ursus thibetanus
Asiatic black bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus minimus
Auvergne bear
5.3-1.8 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus etruscus
Etruscan bear
5.3-0.8 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus savini
steppe bear
0.7 Mya-140 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus rossicus
Pleistocene small cave bear
250-27 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus deningeri
Deninger's bear
2.6-0.8 Mya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus ingressus
Gamssulzen cave bear
130-11 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
†Ursus spelaeus
cave bear
250-24 Kya
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Ursus arctos
brown bear
 
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Ursidae | Ursinae
Ursus maritimus
polar bear
 
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MUSTELOIDEA
Sir Graham