Hesperocyoninae Borophaginae Caninae

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"HOW MUCH IS THAT DOGGY IN THE WINDOW?" - THE FAMILY CANIDAE

The trusty family dog, its wild wolf cousin and their ancient and modern relations in the family Canidae.

 
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Canidae
†Prohesperocyon wilsoni
36.6-36.5 Mya
 
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Hesperocyoninae
†Hesperocyon spp.
42.5-31.0 Mya
  
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Hesperocyoninae | Mesocyon-Enhydrocyon clade
†Cynodesmus spp.
33.3-26.3 Mya
   
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Hesperocyoninae | Mesocyon-Enhydrocyon clade
†Enhydrocyon stenocephalus
30.8-20.4 Mya
   
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Hesperocyoninae | Mesocyon-Enhydrocyon clade
†Sunkahetanka geringensis
30.8-26.3 Mya
   
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Hesperocyoninae | Mesocyon-Enhydrocyon clade
†Philotrox condoni
30.8-26.3 Mya
   
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Hesperocyoninae | Mesocyon-Enhydrocyon clade
†Mesocyon spp.
30.3-20.3 Mya
  
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Hesperocyoninae | Ectopocynus clade
†Ectopocynus spp.
33.3-16.0 Mya
  
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Hesperocyoninae | Caedocyon clade
†Caedocyon tedfordi
30.8-20.6 Mya
  
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Hesperocyoninae | Paraenhydrocyon clade
†Paraenhydrocyon spp.
24.8-20.4 Mya
  
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Hesperocyoninae | Osbornodon clade
†Osbornodon spp.
23.6-16.3 Mya
 
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Borophaginae
†Oxetocyon cuspidatus
bone-crushing dog
33.3-30.8 Mya
  
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Borophaginae
†Otarocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
33.3-20.6 Mya
  
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Borophaginae
†Archaeocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
33.0-24.0 Mya
  
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Borophaginae
†Rhizocyon oregonensis
bone-crushing dog
31.0-24.5 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Phlaocyonini
†Cynarctoides spp.
bone-crushing dog
33.3-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Phlaocyonini
†Phlaocyon leucosteus
bone-crushing dog
33.3-16.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Cormocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
30.8-20.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Desmocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
24.8-16.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Cynarctina
†Paracynarctus spp.
bone-crushing dog
16.0-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Cynarctina
†Cynarctus spp.
bone-crushing dog
16.0-10.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Metatomarctus canavus
bone-crushing dog
23.0-16.0 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Euoplocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
20.6-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Psalidocyon marinae
bone-crushing dog
20.6-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Microtomarctus confertus
bone-crushing dog
21.0-13.0 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Protomarctus optatus
bone-crushing dog
16.0-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Borophagini
†Tephrocyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
16.3-13.6 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Aelurodontina
†Tomarctus spp.
bone-crushing dog
20.4-13.6 Mya
   
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Borophaginae | Aelurodontina
†Aelurodon spp.
bone-crushing dog
16.0-5.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagina
†Paratomarctus temerarius
bone-crushing dog
16.3-5.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagina
†Carpocyon limosus
bone-crushing dog
13.6-5.3 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagina
†Protepicyon raki
bone-crushing dog
16.0-13.6 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagina
†Epicyon spp.
bone-crushing dog
20.5-5.5 Mya
  
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Borophaginae | Borophagina
†Borophagus spp.
bone-crushing dog
12.0-2.0 Mya
 
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Caninae
†Leptocyon spp.
30.8-10.3 Mya
  
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Caninae
†Metalopex spp.
11.6-5.3 Mya
 
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Caninae
Urocyon littoralis
island fox
  
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Caninae
Urocyon cinereoargenteus
gray fox
 
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Caninae | Vulpini
†Prototocyon spp.
3.6-0.8 Mya
   
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Caninae | Vulpini
Otocyon megalotis
bat-eared fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Nyctereutes procyonoides
common raccoon dog
   
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Caninae | Vulpini
Nyctereutes viverrinus
Japanese raccoon dog
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
†Vulpes riffautae
7 Mya
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
†Vulpes skinneri
2 Mya
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes zerda
fennec fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes cana
Blanford's fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes chama
cape fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes macrotis
kit fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
†Vulpes qiuzhudingi
5.0-3.6 Mya
   
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes lagopus
Arctic fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes vulpes
red fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes rueppellii
Rüppell's fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes corsac
corsac fox
  
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Caninae | Vulpini
Vulpes ferrilata
Tibetan sand fox
 
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Caninae | Canini
†Eucyon spp.
10.3-3.6 Mya
  
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Caninae | Canini
†Nurocyon chonokhariensis
5.3-3.6 Mya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
†Theriodictis platensis
1.2-0.5 Mya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
†Protocyon spp.
781-12 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Speothos venaticus
bush dog
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Chrysocyon brachyurus
maned wolf
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
†Dusicyon avus
South American fox
0.8 Mya-4 Kya
   
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
†Dusicyon australis
Falkland Islands wolf
16 Kya-AD 1876
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Atelocynus microtis
short-eared dog
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Cerdocyon thous
crab-eating fox
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex vetulus
hoary fox
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex sechurae
Peruvian desert fox
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex fulvipes
Darwin's fox
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex gymnocercus
pampas fox
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex griseus
chilla
  
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Caninae | Canini | Cerdocyonina
Lycalopex culpaeus
culpeo
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Aenocyon dirus
dire wolf
125-9.5 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Lupulella adusta
side-striped jackal
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Lupulella mesomelas
black-backed jackal
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Xenocyon africanus
3.6 Mya-774 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Xenocyon antonii
3.6 Mya-774 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Xenocyon falconeri
1.9-1.8 Mya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Xenocyon lycanoides
1.8-0.7 Mya
   
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Lycaon pictus
African wild dog
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Cynotherium sardous
Sardinian dhole
0.8 Mya-11.3 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Cuon alpinus
dhole
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis ferox
fierce dog
10.9-5.8 Mya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis lepophagus
4.9-2.7 Mya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis cedazoensis
1.8 Mya-300 Kya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis arnensis
1.9-1.6 Mya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis etruscus
1.9-1.6 Mya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis edwardii
3.0 Mya-250 Kya
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis aureus
golden jackal
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis simensis
Ethiopian wolf
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis lupaster
African wolf
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis latrans
Coyote
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis chihliensis
1.2 Mya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
†Canis armbrusteri
Armbruster's wolf
1.9 Mya-250 Kya
 
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis lupus
gray wolf
  
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Caninae | Canini | Canina
Canis lupus familiaris
domestic dog
Sir Graham