Home » Atlantis: the debrief


Written by Graham | Created: Tuesday 22nd September 2020 @ 2338hrs

The politburo requested a team seek information on the subject of Atlantis. The major aim was to assess whether or not this destroyed civilisation might furnish useful material to deploy in the fight against capitalism.

As part of this endeavour, our operatives in ████████████████ intercepted ████████████████ (henceforth known by the codename Agent Г), a suspected enemy agent allegedly described by the National Enquirer (which the politburo regards as the US' most truth-telling broadsheet newspaper) as "the world's leading expert on Atlantis."

Agent Г was taken to a secure facility at ████████████████ for interrogation by our dedicated and talented team of investigators. This file contains transcripts of those interrogations.

Welcome to Atlantis! The ultimate in ancient holiday destinations, brought to you exclusively by Atlas Cruises™.


  • What exactly is Atlantis?
    The Timaeus and Critias; Critias' description of the Athens of 9,000 years before Solon as a response to Socrates' desire to see his ideal state in war; brief description of Atlantis; unreality of Atlantis.
  • Who is Critias?
    Critias as narrator; Critias the oligarch of the late 5th century; Critias son of Leaïdes; Critias the sophist; Critias I and II.
  • Dating Solon
    The role of the Athenian Constitution in establishing Solon's date; Solon according to Herodotus; Heraclides of Pontus and the dating of Solon; Heraclides' relationship with Plato; the Charmides, Anacreon and Critias; Herodotus vs. the Athenian Constitution on the Pisistratids; Alcmaeon and Megacles; the Athenian archons of the 520s; Critias I, Sappho and Pittacus.
  • More about Plato
    Plato, Perictione, Critias, Charmides and the transmission of the Atlantis tale; the date when the dialogues are set; Hermocrates, Timaeus and the Dionysiads of Syracuse; the Carthaginians and the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The lure of Egypt
    Egypt in the Greek experience; Solon and Plato in Egypt; Plato the plagiarist and his answer.


  • Where exactly is Atlantis?
    Plato's location of Atlantis in the Atlantic Ocean.
  • The Pillars of Heracles
    What and where are the Pillars; Gades; Atlas' western location; Stesichorus and Tartessus; Pindar, Euripides and the limits of exploration; Plato's contemporaries on the Pillars.
  • Into the Atlantic: beyond the Pillars of Heracles
    Colaeus, the Phocaeans and Tartessus; Midacritus and the Cassiterides; Phoenician secrecy about their trade routes; Euthymenes and the "Nile"; Himilco and Hanno; the Atlantic isle of pseudo-Aristotle and Diodorus.
  • The muddy sea: the concept of the shallow, impassable Atlantis
    Plato's origin myth for the concept; Aristotle on the mud outside the Pillars; Herodotus on Necho, Sesostris and Sataspes; Hanno and Himilco again; seaweed and monsters; the Africa Pilot on Cape Nun; Atlanteans and sea monsters.
  • Islands of the blessed and cursed
    Elysium, the Fortunate Isles and the Isles of the Blest; the White Rock or Island; Ogygia and Scheria; Syrie and Ortygia; Orion; the Gorgons; Erytheia; the oracle of Menestheus; Ogyges and Ophion; Menoetes and Menoetius.
  • The opposite continent
    Plato's concept of the continent; Anaximander's boundless; Erebus and Aperaea in Homer's Odyssey; the Phaeacians, the "other world" of the Phaedo and the opposite continent; Herodorus and Philolaus on the moon people; Theopompus and Plutarch on the continent; Zoroaster; the sevenfold world of the Iranians; the Mesopotamian mappa mundi; Indian cosmology; Útgarðr, Ginnungagap and Skuggifjord.
  • Atlanteans in Africa: Herodotus and Dionysius Skytobrachion
    Herodotus' Atlanteans and Atarantians; Dionysius Skytobrachion on the Libyan Amazons, Atlantians and Gorgons; Lixus; the altar of Heracles beneath Mount Atlas.
  • The monsters in the Atlantic
    Ocean dwellers in the Phaedo, Timaeus and Aristeas of Proconnesus.
  • Reference map
    This map provides a visual guide to sites mentioned in the text of the Atlantis section of this website.


  • The date of Atlantis
    The age of Athens, Atlantis and Egypt in the Timaeus-Critias; Plato's opponents and his response.


  • "Why invent Atlantis?" and other questions
    Plato as plagiarist again; the "Noble Lie" and Atlantis; the destruction of the Athenians and the cases of Tellus and Miltiades.


  • Who were the Atlanteans?
    Evenor; Leucippe; Cleito; Atlas; Eumelus; the other twins; their namesakes in the mythological and historical records; the name Amynander.


  • Who else wrote about Atlantis?
    R. Cedric Leonard and Tony O'Connell's lists of supposed references to Atlantis outside Plato; Hesiod; Herodotus; Hellanicus; Aristotle; Theophrastus; Theopompus; Crantor; Marcellus' Ethiopian History; Aelian's "sea-ram" and the crown of Atlantis; Francis Wilford, Crantor and the bastardisation of Indian scripture.
  • Red, white and black
    The significance of the colours of the stones used in Atlantis' architecture; Timaeus' colour theory; the horses in the Phaedrus myth; the Indo-European sky domain and its axis mundi; Uruk and the three heavens; Apuleius' vision of Isis.
  • Truth, lies and the Apaturia
    Mythos and logos; the Apaturia; the Panathenaea.
  • Was Thoth an Atlantean and other Egyptian matters
    Thoth the westerner; Diorodus Siculus, the Egyptian origin story and the lies of modern amateurs; "Menes" in the western Urani Land; Osiris' northern homeland; Atlanteans neither Auriteans nor Aletes; Apollonius Rhodius on Egyptian Thebes.
  • Atlantis and the druids?
    Timagenes, Julius Caesar and Ammianus Marcellinus on the origins of the Gauls; the Tuatha Dé Danann in Falias, Gorias, Finias and Murias.