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Everything we have received from antiquity about Atlantis is contained in two dialogues by Plato, the Critias and, to a lesser extent, the Timaeus. Every other reference we have is almost certainly derived ultimately from the authority of these two dialogues.
In particular, in the English speaking world, notions of Atlantis derive in large part from the work of the American politician Ignatius L. Donnelly, with a sizeable side-serving from the notions of the Russian mystic Helena P. Blavatsky.
The dialogues furnish us with a pretty precise location for Atlantis: west of the Pillars of Heracles (i.e. the Strait of Gibraltar) out in the Atlantic Ocean.
The idea that the seas west of the Strait of Gibraltar, for example, had some not inconsiderable pedigree in the ancient Greek world, likely finding its origin in Phoenician (or Carthaginian) misinformation. Plato was the first two posit an origin for this situation.
The world view of the Timaeus-Critias seems to have been derived in no small part from Plato's ideas about archetypal images in a supernal realm, represented in the dialogues in the form of a "true continent" surrounding the entirety of the then-known world plus Atlantis.
... betray no knowledge of Atlantis as described by Plato. They may mention the word atlantis, but never in reference to a vast island to the west.
Plato states that Solon first heard of Atlantis from an ancient priest at Egyptian Saïs, though the philosopher himself held the Egyptians to be somewhat suspect as eyewitnesses.
We have a number of surviving fragments attributed to the great Athenian statesmen, but none can be ascribed to the poetic notes described by Critias in the dialogues.
The Critias who narrates the story of Atlantis in the dialogues is very likely the man who arose as the most powerful - and bloodthrirsty - of the Spartan-imposed oligarchs who ruled Athens and Piraeus during the post-Peloponnesian War period. Attempts to suggest that the narrator was the oligarch's grandfather are based on a need to amend Plato's chronology to fit with the dates for Solon given in the Aristotlean Constitution of Athens.
Greek mythology tells us of Atlas, a son of Iapetus compelled to support the heavens (or the earth) on his shoulders. The Atlas of the dialogues, Poseidon's eldest son and Atlantis' first paramount ruler, was based on, but not identical to, this figure.